Modern Electrical Power Systems


  • Alternative forms of generation and embedded generation – carbon emission limiting, etc.
  • Power flow optimisation for ‘real power’ and use of a of FACTS devices to improve system operation, including DSM approach
  • New CT and VT optical transducers and protection system using micro processor relays
  • Non linear loads and injected Harmonics, at the PCC (point of common coupling)
  • Diagnostic monitoring of plant and in particular GIS substations
  • High speed fault limiters and thermal monitoring systems for cables

Who Should Attend?

  • Designers
  • Engineers
  • Technicians
  • Professionals involved with the planning, operation and maintenance of small to large scale power networks, from around 11kV, upwards.
  • Professionals from the Distribution Companies,
  • Power Utilities, Engineering Professionals in the Electricity Supply Industry and Petrochemical Companies who have to deal with aspects of generation, transmission and distribution.


  • Overview of a typical systems covering generation, transmission and distribution and the SMART grid
  • Determination of flow of real (P) and reactive power (Q)
  • Determination and control of fault level
  • Control of reactive power & voltage
  • Control of active power & system frequency
  • The requirements for reactive compensation – voltage profiles
  • Overview of power system disturbances

 Current Operational Problems and System Operation

    • Coping with rising demand for power – transmission and distribution
    • The costs associated with increasing fault level and types of faults
    • Monitoring of plant condition – e.g. temperature
    • Power system and substation automation
    • Increasing problems of heavily loaded systems – stability, voltage dip
    • Transmission voltage levels – line and cable design, power loading and de-rating for temperature effects
    • Major causes of power system failures

 Emerging technologies

    • Energy and the Environment – solar power, geothermal power, etc. CO2 and its impact on the world
    • ‘Green’ generation? Is it possible on a large scale or are there stability problems?
    • Demand Side Management – remote load control – minimising demand – optimising transmission – coping with dips and swells
    • Optical Current Transducers for Protection – optical current sensors eliminate CT saturation
    • High Voltage Applications – Surge protection, current limiters network switching, etc
    • Non-linear loads – harmonics at PCC – filtering – G5/4 requirements
    • Harmonics mitigation techniques

 Advances in control and monitoring


  • Power Electronics Applied to Power Systems
  • Flexibility in AC Systems (FACTS) – static VAr Compensation – series controlled capacitors
  • Changing maintenance schedules, remote surveillance of plant and the introduction of unmanned substations
  • Data logging
  • HV-DC Links for stability improvement
  • Optical cable temperature monitoring
  • SCADA and artificial intelligence systems for fault diagnostics

System protection


  • Advanced protection and Control Techniques
  • Digital and Micro Processor Protection
  • Electrical Insulation – Air and SF6 – the problems
  • Condition Monitoring of Plant
  • Is – Fault current limiter, how to apply
  • GIS diagnostics – partial discharge techniques
  • Q & A session


A Certificate of Completion will be issued to those who attend & successfully complete the programme.


  08:30 – 10:15 First Session

 10:15 – 10:30 Coffee Break

10:30 – 12:15 Second Session

 12:15 – 12:30 Coffee Break

12:30 – 14:00 Third Session

 14:00 – 15:00 Lunch

Training Methodology:

This interactive training course includes the following training methodologies as a percentage of the total tuition hours:

  • 30% Lectures, Concepts, Role Play
  • 20% Workshops & Work Presentations, Techniques
  • 20% Based on Case Studies & Practical Exercises
  • 10% Videos, Software & General Discussions
  • 20% Application
  • Pre and Post Test


 The Fee for the seminar, including instruction materials, documentation, lunch, coffee/tea breaks & snack is: